Carla Decker can thank James Madison.

When she raises her right hand this week before her confirmation hearing at the Senate Banking Committee, she will continue a tradition that dates back to the 18th century.

Madison and the other men who wrote the Constitution wanted to ensure that the American president never gained absolute power in the tradition of British monarchs at the time. As a result, they put in a check on the president's appointment power by making it subject to the "advice and consent" of the Senate.

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